Portuguese grammar - present tenses
Just like in English there are two types of present tenses.
- The first (present simple) refers to things that you do habitually. (Eg I sing in the bath. He listens to the radio).
- The second (the present continuous) refers to things happening right now. (eg I'm singing in the bath / He's listening to the radio).
The formation of the present continuous differs in European/African Portuguese and in Brazilian Portuguese.
Use the appropriate present tense form of the verb to be ("estar") and add "a" + the main verb in the infinitive:
- I am speaking = Estou a falar
- He is opening = Está a abrir
Use the appropriate present tense form of the verb to be (estar) as above and add the verb with the final "r" omitted and with ending "ndo".
- I am speaking = estou falando
- he is opening = está abrindo
You will notice that the Brazilian version is more similar to the English.