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Portuguese made easy - object pronouns

azulejo9.1What you need to know about object pronouns (me, you, him, her, it, us , you them etc)

 

1) Study (and memorize!) the following tables:

 rect

Singular

English

Portuguese

Direct object pronoun

me

me

you (familiar)

te

you (formal)

o / a

him

o

her

a

it*

-

 Because all words in Portuguese are either masculine or feminine there is no specific word for "it". Use "him" or "her" instead.

Plural

English

Portuguese

us

nós

you (more than 1   person)

vos

them (masculine)*

os

them (feminine)

as

 * A group is always referred to as masculine if there is one masculine word present. So even if there is a group with 500 women and just one small boy the group is regarded as masculine!

 

1) Word Order

Pronouns normally come after the verb - just like in English. Always use a hyphen.

Can you help me? = Pode ajudar-me?

I bought them = (Eu) comprei-as

 

 Pronouns come before the verb however

1) in negative sentences
2) when there is a question word (eg who, when, how, which, what etc)
3) after certain adverbs

4) always in spoken Brazilian Portuguese (well, almost always).
I didn't see him = não o vi
when did you but them? = quando as comprou?

I only did it yesterday = só o fiz ontem

 

 

 

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